Numéro  52, 

  (Août  2001)

Amezwaru

 (Page d'accueil) 

Tamazight

Lmughrib itasm zi Dzayer acku ttazver imazighen?

Akttuy n yan n uslmd

Amugaz

Anaruz

Anzwum

Iseqsan n iseqsan

Kkar, bedd!

Tmazight nnegh

Talssint

Tssijj d tadjest

Timmuzgha d umdda

Uccan d waoraben

udem amxib

Ursar smaregh

Français

Deux voyages pour une seule âme

Assou Ubaslam ou le patriotisme par l'action

Mots et choses amazighs

Mots et choses amazighs2

La culture amazighe et la mondialisation

Les so...cialistes!

العربية

هل بدأ المغرب ينافس الجزائر في قمعها للأمازيغيين

حوار مع الفنان عبد الرحيم حمزة

اكتشافات أمازيغية

من أسرار لغتنا الجميلة

الشعر الأمازيغي في الأطلس المتوسط

اللغة الأمازيغية تغزو الكونية

عودة إلى محمد زيان

 

 

 

Talessint

Yessughl it id: Nuri Bawdra (Gulmima)

Taqbilt n Ayt Hemmu g Talsint (Azey n Figig) tama g Igezdew n Ayt Seghruccen. Tettyassen s imgarayen (guerriers) imdusen; digh s wallaghen ilelliten. Ugin inekcamen (envahisseurs) i Murakuc (Maroc).

Ghas tawengimt n medden n Ayt Yafelman ayd icfan fella n tufki n trennawt n teqbilt ad. Ghas ad wer ttnadat g umezruy n Murakuc, day tekcem Frans, min ad tnadam di tezrawin (études) yettugan ghef taghelnazvri tamurakucant (nationalisme marocain), ttyarant s teorabt negh s tefransant.

Uffisi n iwezla (affaires) n imezdagh, aqabtvan “Barrière”,  Tura akulunil g testaght (retraite), yennaghen mgal Ayt Hemmu yessafegh d yat tazrawt g tesghunt  “Réalité” (tilawt) g 1952, isiwel f tudert tamdust n teqbilt ad.

Di ibril (Avril) 1930, ajiniral “Leclerc”, day iga agabtvan g Mzizel tama n Ric, yaru tabrat agi i tmettudvt ns:

«Amilass (semaine) ameggaru iga anaddal (sportif). Neffegh, igumin d imughal (partisans), azgen n tesragt, ad namm (arrêter) yan igen (armée) n 150 seg Ayt Hemmu imek day uwin tarennawt nghin smumraw (50) n yiwen nnig Kerrandu (Ric). Di tesragt tiss kuzv d uzgen (4h30) n tifawt, ngula ansa nna nefren (choisir) i wekmim (embusquade). Neqqim nsekkiws ghinna mad ila.

Amhad (jeudi), aqebtvan “Lacombe”, aghella (chef) n iwezla (affaires) n imezdagh d nekk, numzv imenghi seg tesrigt mraw d sin (12h) ar tiss lraw d kuzv (14) mgal yan waggay amdus n Ayt Hemmu. Tas akuc (dieu) ad yessken ayen tteggagh, min aya (sans cela), nettyawey; day nenjem s yan ujudan ittungha (être tué), mraw d kradv (13) n ugumiy tturtsen (être blessé) d simraw (20) n iyysan mmuten. G uyen zari yestin, ttunghan sin iyysan ddawi, yiwet tqêrtvast tekka yi ghef tkeccit (poche) tessiyell i adad.

S tadeggût n uska ns, tawada s yidv; gher tesragt kuzv lligh ffir igumin d imughal inew. Ad iffu, tughdat tga ad nekk acerg n tghadin afad naley yan wedrar. Ghas smusv n iwdan seg ufella zemren ad ghef negh neyycen zund iwtal.

Day yan seg imughal inew yanna yi: “Zver!” (regarde) ar i yesskan isalubaren nna d yengin g yiwet tikkelt: klak! Klak! Hatten tussa! Aqebtvan “Lacombe” ikka yi tasga g usayes; imik yughel gher deffir, iddu mraw (10) n imitren idver. Taqêrtvast tekcem ad adis, immet g id.

Abarud izdey, isalubaren n Ayt Hemmu llan drusen; dari yiwen immut wayd itturtes, idd nitni nejmen. Ttayi i tikkelt tameggarut s tagust nna g drugh ayd mmutegh…».

Tabrat agi d anagi (témoin) ghef amek tga tnazbayt (résistance) wer djin yufin ili ns g inawen (discours).

Tanazbayt tella uqbel d dact aghan n tamsetna n 30 mars 1912 (le traité du protectorat). Imazighen n Latvlas, Tafilalt, Arrif d Usus bedden kigan iseggusa agin (refuser) akejjum n iberraniyen akkw smi d uckan.

Ayt Hemmu, seg Talsint d teqbilin nnidven, nnaghen seddexsin infaten (adversaires).

Budnib ag yessentey  imenghi s 1907. Taqêrtvast tameggarut tengha asadv (héros) n Latvlas, Zayd Uhmad g 1936. Tarennawt n Ayt Hemmu d tigidit n tgwdmin d temnirin yettrugan i yegraydviyen yettunghan  d anagi (témoin) ghef ujpad n imenghiten ikkan seg Tfilalt ar Asif n Droa, iwrin i Gêlmin. Ad d nebder timetti n Lyutna Spaks, ittungha g 1952 ammas n Talsint. Amki Muha Whemmu, yettufdvh, yettyamezv ass n ugdez (souk), yumezv t Lyutna Spaks yini yas dfur iyi s umaris n iwezla n imezdagh (affaires indigènes). Ig asen Hemmu Whemmu tasedfert.

Lekmen nnil ugweddin utrim, isiwel Muhand s tmazight issuter seg degs ad as ikkes ayen ghar s ddaw uzennar (bernous) ar as isskan aberkis. Iga ayen as inna igmas, iwwet uffisi iddu smusv imitren idver immet. Yan umxezni, illan dinagh idaf imi n umaris, ineyyec ghef Muhend s titi nna t ineqqen. S ujejjer, yaghen Hemmu inegh amxezni. Nneghlen idammen n Spaks ccuren d win umxezniy.

Dart uya, bbin Ayt Hemmu ifilan n utilifun, bbin azday n Talsint d ubust (poste) n ukumanda n Budnib. Ddun seg Talsint, iyitsen ikilumitren, ar Ghezwan, awin imrigen yadvn.

Izrey yan wayyur, yan waggay n imezdagh n ighrem n Baknu, ikumanda Hemmu, innan ad ig aqayd n irumiyen, yuzen aghella (chef) n Gwerrama ad xebbcen (intercepter) Ayt Hemmu; llan qad kkin acerg n Tizi Nuli. Ar ittganna waggay allig irmey gnin (dormir), aghen d ghef sen nghin ten. Ghas Hemmu n Ummu ayd inejmen s yan waggas g udar ayeffas ar ishizun dart uyennagh. 

Day mar ad senmen yan ukmin (embuscade) tama n tqeclat n Alatcana. Uzvnen yan seg degsen ad izrey s trula da tasen ukan dvfuren t; amki mar addi ssufghen iserdasen (soldats) afen ten amek ten ran. Nghan kigan n iserdasen.

Lekmen tiwaculin nnsen g ixxamen di Sijilmasa fir trennawt.

Asadv ameqran Muha Zeggûgh, seg teqbilt n Ayt Oisa n Bni Tadjit, imsasi (s'allier) d Ayt Hemmu. Day illa ghur sen iddu yan umgherru icekkem t. Ikker g tifawt ad izzal, yaf d tigemmi ns hatin ttin as serklen t iserdasen d imughal nnsen. Ammi s idda gher igran (champs), umman as ad t iseqsan ig zund wer ts yiwiy degsen, yerwel, iffer ir tama tayeffast n wasif n Ayt Oisa.

Ghas kramraw (30) n tkartucin ayd illan ghar Muha Zeggûgh mar ad immejbad d yan igen (armée) idusen ilin jigan n imrigrn dar sen.

Yan umxezni inna yasen awren t id amzegh. Maca s yiwet titi yesdver t Muha yasey amrig ns.

Uffisi ittukelfen s iwezla (affaires) nnagh immender yan ifexsi (une fissure) ttekkan ad wtin Muha Zeggûgh n Ayt Oisa. Kra n wengaz illa s tama n Lyutna, isiwel s tmazight, isselkem awal i Zeggûgh isyissen (informer) as ayen ira ad ig uffisi. Ipezza Muha yighef yinney aksan ns yewwet t inegh t. Iserdad dduhdan arwin ts g ughella nnsen, yerwel Zeggûgh gher adcar ad ihaggêm arraw ns ilkem Ayt Hemmu n Tafilalt.

Zeggûgh yattyasen ghur Ayt Oisa: da yettagh afus i ymedpac wer yezmiren ad indep, ar as qqaren s teorabt: “Debab al ayane”. Iffegh tasga illan ddaw tenbat tafransist iddu gher Ifni. Immut di 1945 yadver g Ifni.

Ffir wassu (mort) ines, gen warraw is s uyen ad sen inna ddun gher Bni Tadjit, ddun s Xnifra g llan Tura.

Ffghen Ayt Hemmu d kra seg Ayt  Oisa timizar nnsen ddun gher Risani d nnig wasif n Droa g unzul (sud) n Gêlmin.

Uqbel n wad ffghen Talsint d Bni Tadjit,  ssekren yan imenghi semman as “Tin Muha Zeggpugh”. Glin degs abust n Bni Tadjit awin imrigen. Tuikkelt a ssujden 200 n urgaz; iregzen iddzen izman, tadghert (élite) n Ayt Hemmu d Ayt Oisa.

Iddegh llan g udrar amalu isaggen ghef Bni Tadjit, yettyawey teghdeft nnsen s itsent tayetcin ismutturen ikeccidven isgharen. Yan waggay ikka yasent ghef ibpimen. Aya mar ad di nezghen Ayt Ulmu. Ayennagh ad illan.

Mraw d kradv (13) n irgzen seg Ighrem Almu, yessada Gelluza, aghulen ad raren (récupérer) ibbimen nnsen. Nghan ten. Nmalen d Ayt Hemmu s imettin (cadavres) mer ad asin imrigen, ukan yizir Muha Zeggûgh inegra sn amettin n umeddukel nnes Gelluza. Dlan t s uzennar n Muha Zeggûgh mer ad wer t afin ighawren. Udren g isemdal n Mulay Ali Ben Abed. Ikka ghur Gelluza yan iyyis wer illi amm netta g tmazirt; arurad (rapide). Isem ines “Sarhan”.  Yan ugêrram seg Kusirat inna yas yad i Gelluza yan wass n wis ass nna g immut iyyis hatin qad t tedvfurd. Ayennagh ayd tga s ucku yemmut yiyyis itsen wussan (quelques jours) dat.

Ifransisen sxedmen tasertit n ussermey d usmerret, ghur ar deffuren Ayt Hemmu d wiyyad. Lekmen gher Risani. Dinnagh ayd idda yan waggay ad innagh g tasga n Assu Baslam g udrar n Saghru.

F tigira, Ayt Hemmu d itsen imgarayen (guerriers) n teqnilin nnidven n Latvlas zrazghen (se réfugier) s nnig wasif n Droa g unzul n Gpelmin, itsen s Ifni zund Muha Zeggûgh d ismunen ines; wiyyad s Leoyun g kkan tasga; Ma Loeyniyen g 1936.

Irumiyen smattren awin ayen lan Ayt Hemmu, d mek ran Ayt Hemmu ad ten amzven ilaq addi kejmen aghulen d.

Mestagen itsen (négocier) seg Ayt Hemmu d iduba (les autorités) ifransisen yettgensis (représenter) uqebtvan “Barrière”, mar ad s tigira ad afin Ayt  Hemmu ayen ran; dday aghulen d imgarayen (les guerriers).

Kigan sef iwdan agi negh arraw  nnsen sulen ddren. Yiwedv uzemz n wad ten nektey nefk asen azal lan d izerfan (droits) lan.

Advris agi yaru t Heddu A.Bni Tadjit g tesghunt “Lamalif”, uttvun 143 mars 1983, ddaw usentel: “L'odyssée des Aït Hemmu de Talsint”. Irur t s tmazight: Nurdin Bawdra seg Gulmima.

 

 

 

Copyright 2002 Tawiza. All rights reserved.